In the late 1990s, with the increasing number of cardiac and thoracic surgery in the hospital, Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) was established for the treatment of critical and specialized diseases.
At the beginning, SICU doctors were from surgical groups who were in charge of SICU in turn (each group for three months). Management systems and standards of the surgical intensive care unit were established at that time. In 2002, to further strengthen and improve the professional management ability of surgical intensive care unit for critically ill patients, the hospital formally established ICU on the basis of the former SICU, and established an independent ward with 25 beds. The new ward building was completed in 2006 and ICU was moved into a new ward with an area of more than 2,000 square meters with 50 wards. There are two separated areas in the new ward, which are called cardiac and thoracic surgical treatment wards. Both the equipment and ward environment of ICU reached the advanced level in China.
Now, there are 12 full-time doctors in ICU, including one director, two deputy directors, six attendings and three residents. Meanwhile, two of them have academic doctor degree and seven of them have master degree. More than 6,000 critically ill patients, who had underwent cardio-thoracic surgery, received regular manipulation in ICU every year. Nowadays, more and more new technique have been applied in daily treatment in ICU, including bedside blood purification (continued renal replacement treatment CRRT), bedside fiberoptic bronchoscopy, extracopreal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for treatment of pulmonary hypertension, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after cardiac surgery and lung transplantation, aortic balloon pump (IABP) for the treatment of perioperative myocardial infarction, sequential invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation for severe perioperative respiratory failure patients.
There are two central monitoring systems, 50 bedside ECG monitors, 29 ventilators, two multi-functional defibrillators, three fiberoptic bronchoscopes, one automatic endoscope cleaning system, three bedside blood glucose meters, two bedside blood gas analyzers, 55 microinjection pumps, three aortic balloon pump (IABP), two continuous cardiac output monitors, three bedside hemodialysis machines, two coagulation system monitors, one non-invasive cardiac output monitor, one echo sound and two circulating pressure therapeutic machines (to prevent deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs) in ICU.